Islamic Boarding School and the Deradicalization Efforts of Islamic Education in Madura

  • M Nurul Ikhsan Saleh Universitas Islam Indonesia, Indonesia
  • Burhan Nudin Universitas Islam Indonesia, Indonesia
  • Khusaini Khusaini The University of Adelaide, Australia
  • Puji Alim Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany
  • Ida Ayu Putri University of Southern California, United States of America
Keywords: Islamic Boarding School, Deradicalization of Islamic Education, Madura


Deradicalization has become a priority agenda of Islamic education studies in the last few decades. This study aims to comprehensively understand the efforts to deradicalize Islamic Education conducted by the Annuqayah Islamic boarding school in Madura, East Java, Indonesia. Researchers used qualitative methods with a case study. Data collection was done through in-depth interviews, documentation studies, and observations. The results of this study found ten efforts at deradicalization conducted by Annuqayah Islamic boarding school, i.e. (1) Reactualization of learning resources; (2) Strengthening anti-radicalism; (3) Increasing literacy and discussion skills; (4) Strengthening the spirits of nationalism; (5) Promoting the principle of wasathiyah (moderatism); (6) Applying the theological concept of Ahlus-Sunnah wal Jama’ah (the group who perform the sunnah); (7) Initiating anti-radicalism curriculum; (8) Implementing progressive manhaj; (9) Formulating halaqa (meetings) with ulama; and (10) Empowering friendship and brotherhood. The implications of this research provided considerations in evaluating the curriculum, teaching materials, and teaching and learning process to support the creation of Islamic education institutions that promote peace, non-violence, and rahmatan lil alamin.


Download data is not yet available.


Abbas, Tahir, and Assma Siddique, ‘Perceptions of the Processes of Radicalisation and De-Radicalisation among British South Asian Muslims in a Post-Industrial City,’ Social Identities, 18 (2012), 119–34

ABC News, ‘Indonesian Church Bombings Carried out by One Family, Police Say’ (ABC, 2018) <>

Abu-Nimer, Mohammed, A Framework for Non-violence and Peacebuilding in Islam (Majlis Ugama Islam Singapura, 2008)

Al-Lami, Mina, ‘Studies of Radicalisation: State of the Field Report,’ Politics and International Relations Working Paper, 11 (2009), 9–79

Ali, Hasanudin, and L Purwandi, ‘Radicalisme Rising Among Educated People,’ Alvara Research Centre, 2018

Anwar, Laraswati Ariadne, ‘Guru Cenderung Anti Keberagamaan’ (Kompas, 2018) <>

Azra, Azyumardi, Dina Afrianty, and Robert W. Hefner, ‘Pesantren and Madrasa: Muslim Schools and National Ideals in Indonesia’, Schooling Islam: The Culture and Politics of Modern Muslim Education, 2010, 172–98

Bakar, Abu, and Hurmain Hurmain, ‘KERUKUNAN ANTARUMAT BERAGAMA; Telaah Atas Piagam Madinah dan Relevansinya Bagi Indonesia,’ Toleransi: Media Ilmiah Komunikasi Umat Beragama, 8 (2017), 204–16

BNPT, ‘Strategi Menghadapi Paham Radikalisme Terorisme–ISIS,’ Jakarta: Belmawa, 2016

Boucek, Christopher, Saudi Arabia’s” Soft” Counterterrorism Strategy: Prevention, Rehabilitation, and Aftercare (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Washington, DC, 2008), XCVII

Braun, Virginia, and Victoria Clarke, ‘Using Thematic Analysis in Psychology,’ Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3 (2006), 77–101

Chalmers, Ian, ‘Countering Violent Extremism in Indonesia: Bringing Back the Jihadists,’ Asian Studies Review, 41 (2017), 331–51

Cronin, Audrey Kurth, ‘ISIS Is Not a Terrorist Group: Why Counterterrorism Will does not Stop the Latest Jihadist Threat,’ Foreign Aff., 94 (2015), 87

Darmadji, Ahmad, ‘Pondok Pesantren Dan Deradikalisasi Islam Di Indonesia,’ Millah: Jurnal Studi Agama, 11 (2011), 235–52

Dechesne, Mark, ‘Deradicalization: Not Soft, but Strategic’, Crime, Law and Social Change, 55 (2011), 287–92

Depag, R I, ‘Alquran Dan Terjemahnya,’ Jakarta: Depag, 2009

Diela, Tabita, ‘Indonesia Toughens up Anti-Terror Laws Days after Worst Attack in Years’ (Reuters, 2018) <>

Dunn, Kevin Mark, Rosalie Atie, Michael Kennedy, Jan A Ali, John O’Reilly, and Lindsay Rogerson, ‘Can You Use Community Policing for Counter Terrorism? Evidence from NSW, Australia’, Police Practice and Research, 17 (2016), 196–211

El-Said, Hamed, ‘De-Radicalising Islamists: Programmes and Their Impact in Muslim Majority States’, 2012

Harjanti, D W, R Ciptaningtyas, F Wahyono, and E T Setiatin, ‘Isolation and Identification of Bacterial Pathogen from Mastitis Milk in Central Java Indonesia,’ in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (IOP Publishing, 2018), CII, 12076

Hilmy, Masdar, ‘The Politics of Retaliation: The Backlash of Radical Islamists to the Deradicalization Project in Indonesia’, Al-Jami’ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, 51 (2013), 129–58

Horgan, John, and Kurt Braddock, ‘Rehabilitating the Terrorists?: Challenges in Assessing the Effectiveness of deradicalization Programs’, Terrorism and Political Violence, 22 (2010), 267–91

Istiqomah, Milda, ‘De-Radicalization Program in Indonesian Prisons: Reformation on the Correctional Institution,’ 2011

Kementerian Agama, ‘Pondok Pesantren Menurut Jenis Penyelenggaraannya Tahun Akademik 2008’, Kementerian Agama, 2008 <> [accessed 12 February 2010]

KOMPAS, ‘Guru Cenderung Intolerance’ (Jakarta: KOMPAS, 2018) <>

Kruglanski, Arie W., ‘Psychological Insights into Indonesian Islamic Terrorism: The What, the How and the Why of Violent Extremism,’ Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 16 (2013), 112–16 <>

Lindekilde, Lasse, ‘Neo-Liberal Governing of “Radicals”: Danish Radicalization Prevention Policies and Potential Iatrogenic Effects,’ International Journal of Conflict and Violence (IJCV), 6 (2012), 109–25

Malik, Abida, ‘Identities, Islamophobia, and the State: Diverse Perspectives and Experiences of Muslim Civic Actors from Islamic Organizations in the UK’, in Islamic Organizations in Europe and the USA (Springer, 2013), pp. 203–23

Masduqi, I. (2013). Deradikalisasi Pendidikan Islam Berbasis Khazanah Pesantren. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 2(1), 1-20.

McCauley, Clark, Christian Leuprecht, Todd Hataley, Conrad Winn, and Bidisha Biswas, ‘Tracking the War of Ideas: A Poll of Ottawa Muslims’, Terrorism and Political Violence, 23 (2011), 804–19

McDonald, Bob, and Yaser Mir, ‘Al-Qaida-Influenced Violent Extremism, UK Government Prevention Policy, and Community Engagement,’ Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 3 (2011), 32–44

McGlynn, Catherine, and Shaun McDaid, ‘Radicalisation and Higher Education: Students’ Understanding and Experiences,’ Terrorism and Political Violence, 2016, 1–18

Milla, Mirra Noor, and Djamaludin Ancok, ‘The Impact of Leader-Follower Interactions on the Radicalization of Terrorists: A Case Study of the Bali Bombers,’ Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 16 (2013), 92–100

Mudhoffir, Abdil Mughis, and Rafiqa Qurrata A’yun, ‘Does Indonesia Need a Tougher Anti-Terrorism Law?’ (The Conversation, 2018) <>

Nascimento, Daniela, ‘The (In) Visibilities of War and Peace: A Critical Analysis of Dominant Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Strategies in the Case of Sudan’, International Journal of Peace Studies, 2011, 43–57

Nunis, Terence Helikaon, ‘What is Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamma’h?’ (20’5: Quaro, 2015) <>

Nurdiani, Ria, ‘Ministry Sets up Task Force on Campus Radicalisation’ (University World News, 2018) <>

Ongering, Lidewijde, ‘Homegrown Terrorism and Radicalisation in the Netherlands: Experiences, Explanations and Approaches,’ Testimony to the US Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, 2007, 1–10

Pal, Amitabh, ‘Islam’ Means Peace: Understanding the Muslim Principle of Nonviolence Today (ABC-CLIO, 2011)

Panteli, Paraskevi, ‘Prevention of Radicalisation and Violent Extremism of Potential Homegrown Terrorists~ Reverse Inner Reinforcement Through EU Education~,’ 2016

Pohl, Florian, ‘Islamic Education and Civil Society: Reflections on the Pesantren Tradition in Contemporary Indonesia’, Comparative Education Review, 50 (2006), 389–409

Della Porta, Donatella, and Gary LaFree, ‘Guest Editorial: Processes of Radicalization and deradicalization,’ International Journal of Conflict and Violence (IJCV), 6 (2012), 4–10

Pousher, Jacob, ‘In Nations with Significant Muslim Populations, Much Disdain for ISIS’ (Pew Research Center, 2015) <>

Putri, Rima Sari Indra, ‘Anti-Terrorism Cooperation between the National Agency for Contra Terrorism and Civil Society: Study Case of Muhammadiyah Disengagement,’ Defense Management, 2 (2012), 12

Al Qurtuby, Sumanto, ‘Peacebuilding in Indonesia: Christian–Muslim Alliances in Ambon Island,’ Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, 24 (2013), 349–67

———, ‘UNDERSTANDING ISLAM IN INDONESIA: Politics and Diversity,’ Pacific Affairs, 84 (2011), 397

Rahayu, Cici Marlina, ‘Wiranto: Terorisme Adalah Ancaman Kebangsaan Negara’ (Jakarta: DetikNews, 2017) <>

Ramakrishna, Kumar, ‘“Constructing” the Jemmaah Islamiyah Terrorist: A Preliminary Inquiry,’ 2004

Ranstorp, Magnus, Understanding Violent Radicalisation: Terrorist and Jihadist Movements in Europe (Routledge, 2010)

Rokhmad, Abu, ‘Radikalisme Islam dan Upaya Deradikalisasi Paham Radikal,’ Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, 20 (2012), 79–114

Roose, Joshua, ‘How Indonesia Is Dealing with the New Threat Posed by Returning Islamic State Fighters’ (The Conversation, 2018) < from The Conversation for May 16 2018 - 101908949&utm_content=Latest from The Conversation for Ma>

Rosili, N A K, ‘De-Radicalization Programs in South-East Asia: A Comparative Study of Rehabilitation Programs In Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia & Singapore,’ 2016

Roy, Olivier, The Failure of Political Islam (Harvard University Press, 1994)

Schmid, Alex P, ‘Radicalisation, de-Radicalisation, Counter-Radicalisation: A Conceptual Discussion and Literature Review,’ ICCT Research Paper, 97 (2013), 22

Schwarz, Adam, A Nation in Waiting: Indonesia’s Search for Stability (Routledge, 2018)

Sidel, John Thayer, The Islamist Threat in Southeast Asia: A Reassessment (Institute of Southeast Asian, 2007), XXXVII

Sorkin, Michael, and Sharon Zukin, After the World Trade Center: Rethinking New York City (Routledge, 2013)

Striegher, Jason-Leigh, ‘The Deradicalisation of Terrorists’, Salus Journal, 1 (2013), 19

Suarda, I, ‘An Examination of Indonesian Prison Officers’ Experiences on Deradicalisation: Towards Better Practice’ (Queensland University of Technology, 2018)

Sukabdi, Zora, ‘Terrorism in Indonesia: A Review on Rehabilitation and Deradicalization’, Contemporary Voices: St Andrews Journal of International Relations, 6 (2015)

Svensson, Peter, ‘From Re-Presentation to Re-Creation: Contributing to a Radicalisation of Linguistically Turned Interviewing in Management Studies,’ Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management: An International Journal, 4 (2009), 168–85

Taylor, Elisabeth, Peter Charles Taylor, Saul Karnovsky, Anne Aly, and Nell Taylor, ‘“Beyond Bali”: A Transformative Education Approach for Developing Community Resilience to Violent Extremism,’ Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 37 (2017), 193–204

Ummah, Sun, ‘Akar Radikalisme Islam di Indonesia,’ Humanika, 12 (2012)

Wahid, Din, ‘Nurturing Salafi Manhaj: A Study of Salafi Pesantren in Contemporary Indonesia’, Wacana, 15 (2014), 367–76

Waskito, Abu Muhammad, Mendamaikan Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah (Pustaka Al Kautsar, 2012)

Zainal, Zaidah, ‘Case Study as a Research Method,’ Jurnal Kemanusiaan, 5 (2007)

How to Cite
Saleh, M. N. I., Nudin, B., Khusaini, K., Alim, P., & Putri, I. A. (2020). Islamic Boarding School and the Deradicalization Efforts of Islamic Education in Madura. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 8(2), 259-286.